Category Archives: News

Visit From WSDC 2018 Group Ahead of Symposium

One of the groups from the World Down Syndrome Congress (WDSC) popped in for a visit to the Scottish Football Museum, ahead of the Health Symposium taking place at the Scottish Event Campus (SEC) tomorrow.
A fun afternoon in which all who attended thoroughly enjoyed, viewing the museum, sitting in the dressing rooms, to standing at the side of the famous Hampden pitch.

More than 1,200 people from around the world will attend the three day event from 25-27th July 2018. A 3-day event that will inform, inspire and influence everyone who attends for years into the future! This symposium is also opportunity for those who specialise in clinical practice and research on Down syndrome to come together and consider current, important developments in prevalent medical conditions.
This will be first time that the WDSC has be held in Scotland as well as being the first time in 32 years that summit has been hosted in the UK.

For more information visit: http://wdsc2018.org.uk/

New Exhibition: The Internationalists- Scotland’s Story on the World Stage.

Take a walk down to Scotland’s National Stadium and gaze upon our latest gallery, displaying remarkable items and memorabilia of Scotland on the world stage.
At the turn of the century, international football became increasingly popular and the need for a single body to oversee association football became more apparent. The Federation International de Football Association (FIFA) was founded in 1904 to organise international competition among national associations. FIFA membership currently currently stands at 211 national associations. This newly governed body would go on to host the inaugural World Cup in 1930- where 13 nations participated with no qualification phase; compare that to the upcoming 2026 World Cup which will see 48 nations play in the finals.

The World Cup is regarded as the most prestigious association football tournament and has grown to be the most widely viewed and supported event in the world.

Each of the national associations of FIFA must also be members of six continental confederations; Africa, Asia, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania and South America. Scotland holds membership with the union of European Football Associations which organises club and national competitions in professional and amateur associations- such as the European Championships.
In September 2018, UEFA will launch the Nation’s league which will largely replace international friendly matches and improve the quality of football. The Nation’s League will provide an added route to the UEFA European Championship and allow for more competition for lower ranked nations.

The Scotland men’s national football team played its first official match against England, in 1872. This is the oldest official international  fixture in the world and, since then, the Scotland national team has experienced the highs and lows of competitive tournaments. The men is navy blue first participated at a World Cup finals tournament in 1954. The longest period of success was between 1974 and 1990 when the team qualified for five successive World Cup finals tournaments. The men’s national team did not qualify for their first European finals tournament until reaching UEFA Euro 92. Qualification was also achieved for the European Championships in England in 1996. The last major tournament involving the men’s national team was the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. With Hampden Park being a host stadium for UEFA Euro 202 matches, there is much hope and anticipation that the Scotland men’s national team will play in a major international tournament on home soil.

A wide range of items on display in the new exhibition.

The Scotland women’s national team played its first official match in 1972 against England. The Scottish FA took formal control over the team in 1998 and with a gradual restructuring of the women’s game in Scotland and some added investment, the women’s national team pushed for a place at a major tournament. The team would reach the play-off stage for Euro 2009 and Euro 2013 but narrowly missed out on qualifications on each occasion. However, the team bounced back in style, qualifying for the UEFA Women’s Euro 2017 tournament in the Netherlands. Many of the history makers of 2017 are still with the side and, so far, have enjoyed a strong qualifying campaign for the 2019 FIFA World Cup finals in France.

A signed Scotland Women’s jersey from the 2017 UEFA European Championships.

Football Memories Scotland Nominated for Prestigious Scotland’s Dementia Award

GROUND-BREAKING dementia project Football Memories Scotland has been shortlisted for the prestigious Scotland’s Dementia Awards 2018. Nominated in the ‘Most Innovative Partnership’ category, the shortlisting recognises Football Memories Scotland’s collaboration with Alzheimer Scotland to deliver vital community reminiscence work, helping people living with dementia in Scotland.

Scotland’s Dementia Awards, a partnership between Alzheimer Scotland, NHS Education for Scotland and the Scottish Social Services Council, has announced the finalists for their 7th annual Awards. The Awards programme sets out to celebrate the inspirational achievements of those making a difference for people living with dementia and their families.

If successful, this award would represent the second major accolade this year for Football Memories Scotland. In May, the Scotland-wide Football Memories Volunteer Network was recognised with the Volunteer Team of the Year Award at this year’s Museums + Heritage Awards organised by M+H Media. This UK-wide award recognises good-practice across the entire museums and heritage sector in the UK.

Headquartered at The National Stadium Hampden Park, the Football Memories Scotland project is a partnership between Alzheimer Scotland and the Scottish Football Museum, currently operating more than 200 groups across Scotland. The project started in 2009 and is the oldest national football reminiscence programme in the world.

Football Memories Scotland is a national network of reminiscence groups which aims to provide therapeutic interventions for people living with dementia. Groups meet in football clubs, community halls, libraries, sheltered housing complexes, care homes, day carecentres and hospitals, with reminiscence activities delivered in either a group format or on a one-to-one basis.

Since its conception in 2009, the Football Memories Project has produced a range of resources including packs of cards, DVDsand memory boxes, as well as a digital resource website with over 7,000 images enabling facilitators to personalise reminiscence for individuals. We have recently created a certification scheme to provide training for project volunteers and care home staff.  Alzheimer Scotland provides vital advice and support with a significant number of their staff running reminiscence groups in different parts of Scotland.

Robert CraigChair of the Scottish Football Museum and Chair of Sports Heritage Scotland, said: “We are delighted to be shortlisted for the Scotland’s Dementia Awards. It is particularly pleasing to be recognised in the ‘Most Innovative Partnership’ category as the Football Memories Project has been a pioneering collaboration between the Scottish Football Museum and Alzheimer Scotland since it first started in 2009. Together we have developed a world-leading dementia intervention project recognised internationally as a model of good-practice.”

Henry Simmons, Alzheimer Scotland’s Chief Executive, on behalf of the partners, said: “These awards are a fantastic opportunity to recognise the great achievements of projects and teams involved in dementia care and support across Scotland.”
“We are thrilled to see so many positive collaborations taking place, helping to address stigma, break down barriers and ensure that nobody faces dementia alone. We look forward to celebrating the work of all our finalists and winners on the day.”

Scottish Influence on Spanish Football.

Did you know that there was influential Scottish presence as Spain began to impose the beautiful game to their population?
During the latter half of the 1890’s, textile workers sent from Newmilns- in Ayrshire- to a factory in Barcelona, would form the Escoces Football Club. The club competed in local competitions and a number of its players would go on to play for FC Barcelona after the Catalan giant was founded in 1899. Glasgow born forward, George Pattullo, signed for Barcelona in 1910 and was a revelation; scoring 41 goals in just 20 matches during season 1910-11. He would refuse to sign for city rivals Espanyol due to his loyalty to Barcelona. Pattullo, who returned to Scotland the following year, would make a brief return in 1912 and was revered as the greatest goal-scorer of his generation. He also briefly managed Mallorcan side Club Baleares in 1930.

Above: George Pattullo

More so, dating from 1890, Sevilla FC is the oldest club in Spain dedicated solely to football. The club was formed by Scottish migrants. A number of the Scots may have been connected to Dundee as the story of the birth of the team was reported in a local newspaper, the Dundee Courier on the 17th March 1890. An extract from one of the paragraphs in the article reads:
“‘Some six weeks ago a few enthusiastic young residents of British origin met in one of the cafés for the purpose of considering a proposal that we should start an Athletic Association, the want of exercise being greatly felt by the majority of us, who are chiefly engaged in mercantile pursuits. After a deal of talk and a limited consumption of small beer, the “Club de Football de Sevilla” was duly formed and office-bearers elected. It was decided we should play Association rules (…) We were about half and half Spanish and British”.
Edward Farquharson Johnston, originally from Elgin, was the first President of the club. He was the British vice-consul in Sevilla and co-proprietor of the firm MacAndrews & Co, ship-owners with commercial lines between Spain and the UK. Glasgow born Hugh MacColl, a marine engineer, who at that time had moved to Seville to work as the technical manager of Portilla White foundry, was the club’s first captain. One of MacColl’s partners in the Portilla White foundry in Seville, Isaias White Junior, was also the club’s first secretary.
The first match they played was against the Huelva Recreation Club taking place on 8th March 1890. Sevilla FC won the game 2–0, with the first goal in an official match in Spanish football history scored by Sevilla’s player Ritson.

Above: Edward Farquharson Johnston and Hugh MacColl.

Scottish Influence in Shaping Uruguayan Football.

Uruguay, a country with such impressive footballing history and success, have a strong chance of achieving World Cup glory in Russia. Their nation is incredibly passionate about the game, and offer undying loyalty to anyone who wears the famous Sky Blue jersey. If you were to investigate the origins of Uruguayan football, you would find some rather fascinating information and stories that reveal the substantial Scottish presence which helped shape Uruguayan football.

Above: William Poole.

One single, charismatic individual provided the impetus for turning kick-abouts into regular, professional competition.  Anglo-Scot, William Leslie Poole, considered the ‘Father of Uruguayan Football’ was a school teacher and founder of the English High School of Montevideo. Pupils of his school created the ‘Albion Football Club’, Uruguay’s first football club, in 1891.  At the time of his arrival, there were already some clubs practicing football informally in Uruguay such as the Montevideo Cricket Club, founded in 1861 (the first rugby club outside the United Kingdom), and the Montevideo Rowing Club, founded in 1874, though none as formal as Ablion. This new football club would play their games across the Rio del la Plata region against Argentine teams in Buenos Aires and Rosario. The club would also be originally chaired by a Scot called: Willie J. MacLean.
Initially, no foreign players were allowed to participate in the sport. Yet, Poole insisted on the participation of both nationals and foreigners with no distinction of race, language, religion, political opinion or economic position. This open-minded approach would change the mindset of the locals and fans of the game. Footballtuned into an instant success in the country, becoming a shining light for communities; allowing people of different nationalities, social class and ethnicity to come together in competition.
Poole himself played for Albion FC but is best remembered as an influential administrator and referee. He was then elected as President of the Uruguay Association Football League (Uruguayan FA) in 1901.
The Montevideo City Hall paid honor to Poole by dedicating a place called “Espacio Libre William Leslie Poole” between Constituyente and Vásquez avenues in the Uruguayan capital.

Above: John Harley

Aged only 19, John Harley, a railway engineer from Springburn, arrived in Argentina in 1906 to work for the Buenos Aires Western Railway company. The Scot was soon lining up for the club of the company’s employees, Ferro Carril Oeste; introducing a distinct, Scottish passing game from the position of centre-half. Not before long, Harley was persuaded to join C.U.R.C.C. (Peñarol) seeing him to make the journey across the river to Montevideo to sign for the club in 1909.
Upon his arrival, Harley sparked a footballing revolution, replacing a largely dis-organised, direct style with what came to be known as cortita y al pie, a game of short passes to the feet. Immediately, he was appointed the captain and skippered his side for ten seasons, becoming an idol with the supporters. Playing at centre-half, Harley offered a natural and effective link between defence and attack, re-organising his team into an intelligent unit based on a collective, combination style of play being the main focus.
Harley was thus approached and called up to the national team, making his Uruguay debut less than six months after arriving at Peñarol.  His introduction to the national side had not long passed though that did not stop the Uruguayan FA to hesitate approaching Harley to become Player/Manager of La Celeste as well. From there, the national team’s transformation mirrored that of Peñarol. The country would define its footballing identity with players encouraged to keep the ball, play it along the ground and combine more with their teammates. They were different, and they were proud. Harley would represent  La Celeste a total of seventeen occasions.
This new style introduced by Harley is often referred as to as the catalyst which brought both Peñarol and Uruguay significant success in the domestic leagues, Olympics and World Cups as time passed. Uruguay’s rise owed much to Harley. In the book titled ‘100 Years of Glory: The True History of Uruguayan Football’, the author refers to Harley as the man who taught the nation to perform “with a fluidity that we still see today in the modern possession based philosophies.”
Once Harley retired from the game in 1917, he would then become manager of Peñarol.
In 1951, over 40,000 spectators came to honour Harley with a match between Peñarol and Rampla Juniors at the Estadio Centenario; including many former colleagues and members of successful Uruguayan teams, turning out to pay tribute to Harley’s incredible contribution to Uruguayan football.

The Scottish Influence at the Beginning of English Football.

Our respected neighbours may enjoy participating in the Major Tournaments much more than ourselves these days, and have a fantastic, rich history of establishing the rules and regulations of the footballing sport.
However, it is important to remember the importance of Scottish influence in helping England produce fantastic football structures and heritage.
By the late 1870’s, a number of Scots were being enticed over the border earning the nickname the ‘Scotch Professors’ due to their advanced style of play. No such standard of player could be found in England at that time. James Joseph Lang, who moved to Sheffield Wednesday in 1876, is believed to be the first professional player even though the payment of players was illegal. When professionalism was eventually legalised in 1885, a floodgate was opened, an example being Liverpool’s first team of 1892 consisted entirely of Scottish players and was known as the ‘Team of the Macs’.

Above: Lord Kinnaird.

A leading player south of the border, Lord Kinnaird, from a Perthshire family, would play in an incredible nine FA Cup Finals between 1873 and 1883, winning five times (three times with Wanderers FC and twice with Old Etonians), and represented Scotland in 1873. He first joined the FA committee in 1868, to then holding the office of President from 1890 until his death in 1923. In 1884 when clubs from the north of England broke away to set up a ‘British FA’, due to a bitter dispute over the payment of players, Kinnaird played an important role in persuading them to re-join the FA. Along with Charles W. Alcock, Kinnaird convinced the FA to introduce professionalism in 1885 and helped to end the split.
In 1877, the ‘Father of the Football League’, William McGregor moved to Birmingham from Perthshire and first became involved with Aston Villa in 1877; serving on the club committee he was elected President in 1880. A number of prominent Scots were associated with Villa at the time, including captain George Ramsay and star player Archie Hunter, and under McGregor’s influence, the Scottish Lion Rampant was adopted for the club crest.
Villa would then make a landmark appointment, in 1886, by creating a position which would become the very norm to every club in the world for the foreseeable. They would appoint a ‘manager’ of the football team, appointing Glaswegian captain, George Ramsay. This decision meant that technically Ramsay, a Scot, was the first paid manager anywhere in world football.
In March 1888, McGregor suggested that England’s leading clubs form an ‘Association Football Union’, which would later be renamed’The Football League’.  The first matches commenced on 8th September 1888, this also led to McGregor becoming Chairman of the Football League and Chairman of the FA.

Above: Will McGregor

Along with William McGregor and Arthur Kinnaird, many other Scots played a role in shaping Association football in England. When the Birmingham FA was founded in 1875, five out of six men involved originally came from Scotland. The Lancashire FA was then established in 1878 adopting the rules of the Scottish Association. Scottish Internationalists John Cameron and John Bell were involved in setting up a Players Union in England in 1897 with Bell being appointed its first chairman.  In 1886 David Danskin, a Fife mechanical engineer, founded Dial Square FC; a club better known today as Arsenal.

Above: David Danskin

In addition, Scottish school teacher, David Allan, established Sunderland AFC in 1879 whilst Aston Villa’s first rivals were Calthorpe FC, founded by a Scot: Campbell Orr.
In 1892, the double winning ‘Invincibles’ of Preston North End regularly fielded seven Scots such as..
A number of English players were influenced by the short-passing style that emerged from Scotland and added such unique style of play to their coaching when travelling abroad. High regarded managers from Fred Pentland, Jimmy Hogan to William Townley, in particular, take the football style with them across Europe.

 

Scottish links to Belgian Football.

History archives reveal some interesting stories which show the presence of Scots in the early stages of Belgian football.
During a leisure holiday, two affluent Scottish families, the Blairs and Fairlies, decided to potentially create “The Foot Ball Club Spa” near the Belgian region of Liege in 1863.
Both families, according to research, appear to originate from Ayrshire.
There was Sir Edward Hunter Blair, a gentleman, justice of the peace, lieutenant of the Royal Navy, born in 1818, having thirteen children with Helen Hunter. There was also the Fairlie clan of nine people; Colonel James Ogilvy Fairlie, born in 1815, his wife and their children. Roles such as Treasurer and Secretary were to potentially be passed onto both children of the families. The pursuit of trying to create club appears to have been due to the formation of the English FA, producing a strong desire, from both families, to form a football club in their country of holiday. Although this was not a formal creation of a football club, it does appear to be one of the first pieces of documentation of its kind, that shows a potential desire for football clubs to be formed in Belgium.
In addition, a former Scottish international, William Maxwell, was the first coach to manage the Belgium National team. He initially went to Leopold FC before enjoying two periods as coach of the Belgian national team, from 1910 to 1913 and 1920 to 1938. Maxwell would lead the Belgians to Olympic Gold at the 1920 Antwerp Games. Opponents, Czechoslovakia, were unhappy with the performance of the 65-year-old English referee, John Lewis. Their protests were dismissed, leading to an eventual disqualified from the tournament without receiving any medal.

Above: Doug Livingstone.

Another Scot, Doug Livingstone, from Alexandria, West Dumbartonshire, would later manage the Belgian national team in 1953.  Before this stint, Livingstone took charge of the Republic of Ireland from 1951 to 1953. He would guide The Red Devils to the 1954 FIFA World Cup and notably was in charge for the thrilling 4–4 draw with England in the group stages.
Indeed,  former Scottish coach, John Dick, is better remembered in Czech football, he also enjoyed a successful spell in Belgium as manager of Antwerp side: K Beerschot VAC.

Above: John Dick.

The Scottish Influence in Swedish Football.

Similar to other countries around the world, the nation of Sweden, who begin their Russia 2018 World Cup journey today,  would see help from Scottish migrants in introducing football to their country.
During the early 1890’s, a group of textile workers from Newmilns in Ayrshire were sent to Gothenburg to work at a sister factory. One of the workers, a lacemaker called John Lawson, set up a football section of Gothenburg Sports Club, Orgyte Idrottsallskap in 1892: making them the the oldest in Sweden.
The first ever game of Association football took place on 22nd May 1892 when Örgryte FC (ÖIS) took on I.S. Lyckans Soldater where Örgryte would win the match 1-0 fielding a team that included six Scots. By 1893 Örgryte were being referred to as Skottelaget (the Scottish team) fielding no less than seven players from across the North Sea.
The club would dominate the early years of Swedish football and were nicknamed ‘Skottelaget’ (Scottish team). At one point the team was so successful it was banned from playing in the local league. Eventually the Scottish workers went back home and Orgyte re-entered local competition.
Football remains a popular sport in Sweden and in 1958, the country hosted the World Cup, reaching the final- losing 5-2 to Brazil.

Above: John Lawson, centre of the seated row, along with the Örgryte squad.

How Scotland brought football to Brazil.

Many consider Brazil to be the best football nation in terms of rich history and brilliant past players- such as Pele, Zico, Ronaldo and Ronaldinho. The country is often referred as the template of how football should be played using flare, dribbling, attractive football.
Yet, such lessons and teachings are always passed on by previous generations and key individuals, who are up-held as pioneers of the game. These worshipped, influential figures that paved the way for successful Brazilian football were, indeed, Scottish immigrants.

Charles Miller

Scot Charles Miller, who is widely recognised as ‘the Father of Brazilian football’, was the son of John Miller, a Scottish railway engineer, who lived in Sao Paulo. Miller was sent to Southampton for an education and would go on to play football at County level for Hampshire. In October 1894, he famously returned to Sao Paulo carrying two footballs and a set of playing rules, which led to him organising a famous match between the Sao Paolo Railway Company and the Gas Company on April 14, 1895. Miller helped set-up the football club: Sao Paulo Athletic Cluc (SPAC), and was a founder of the Liga Paulista. As a player he won three League Championships with SPAC and was also a successful referee and administrator.

Thomas Donohoe

In May 1894, a few months before his arrival of Charles Miller, Thomas Donohoe, a textile worker from Busby in East Renfrewshire, arrived in the Bangu district of Rio de Janeiro. It is understood that Donohoe organized the first ever football match in the history of Brazilian football. The match was a five-a-side game which took place in April 1894, six months before Charles Miller’s match, previously recorded as the first in Brazil. Local football historians attribute Donohoe and fellow Scottish workers connected to the Bangu textile factory as introducing football to the area. Initially lacking support from the factory owners, local football activity appeared to have been loosely organised until 1904 when Donohoe was involved in founding the Bagu Athletic Club. This club has an important place within the history of Brazilian football as it was the first to allow black Brazilian footballers to join. In 2013, the town of Bagu erected a statue of Donohoe in honour of his contribution to football in Brazil.

Archie McLean

Archie McLean, a Paisley textile engineer, who played with Ayr FC and St Johnstone, was sent by J&P Coats to work in São Paulo. Upon arrival in 1912, McLean founded an ex-pats’ football team,  the Scottish Wanderers; with their matches being played in the local São Paulo State League. McLean’s performances caught the attention of the Brazilian public within a year. He was also picked for the São Paulo state team against Rio de Janeiro. Prior to the creation of a Brazilian National side, this call-up was the highest accolade for players from the region. McLean introduced Scottish short-passing tactics to his resident city. As an outside left he would play short passes on the run with his inside forward, weaving the ball up the field. The Brazilians called this ‘Tabelinha’ (little chart) and adopted the style.

Jock Hamilton

Ayr’s Jock Hamilton had been a Scotch Professor spending most of his playing career in England- playing for Wolverhampton Wanderers, Loughborough, Bristol City, Leicester Fosse, Watford, Wellingborough and Fulham. At Fulham, he would coach Jimmy Hogan, who in later years would become an influential coach in Continental Europe.
In 1907, the Brazilian side Club Atletico Paulistano secured the services of Hamilton, partly due to the recommendations of Sir Fredrick Wall, secretary of the FA. Hamilton introduced the team to new training methods and even coached the sons of club members- becoming the first appointed professional coach in Brazilian football. Jock introduced what is known as ‘Systema Ingleza’ – the short passing game, as well as a systematic programme of training and preparation. This would be the platform of success for C.A. Paulistano; the club would go on to win the League the following season after his departure.

Scottish Influence in Mexican Football

The nation of Mexico is very contrasting to Scotland in many ways but there is one thing the Scots and Mexicans have in common: a passion for football. This passion from both countries is visible for all to see.
Interestingly, Mexican football archives would reveal the story of how Scottish immigrants would help shape the game in in their country in the late 19th century.
Scottish Steel Industry arrived in the Veracruz region of Mexico when the Santa Gertrudis factory opened at Orizaba. A small Scottish colony was well established by 1894 when the Santa Gertrudis Golf Club opened its doors.
One important factory was the Santa Gertrudis Fabrica de Yute, which was founded and owned by Scottish migrants Duncan Macomish and Thomas Hanghey- who had a long football background.  After settling in Mexico, both men decided, along with other local factory owners and English migrant Percy C. Clifford: a pioneer in the sport in Mexico City, to establish a local football league in 1886; having the first game played in the old ‘Campo El Yute.  The league would include clubs from the capital in from Providence. This then brought the introduction of Orizaba Athletic Club, who would be founded by Macomish in 1898, which also included practising cricket among other sports in Orizaba.
Orizaba AC became a founder member of the Mexican Football League and would go on to win the first championship title in 1903.

Above: David Macomish.